`DED.py`

```"""
## GAMSSOURCE: https://www.gams.com/latest/psoptlib_ml/libhtml/psoptlib_DED.html
## MODELTYPE: QCP

For more details please refer to Chapter 4 (Gcode4.1), of the following book:
Soroudi, Alireza. Power System Optimization Modeling in GAMS. Springer, 2017.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Model type: QCP
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Contributed by
Dr. Alireza Soroudi
IEEE Senior Member
Email: alireza.soroudi@gmail.com
We do request that publications derived from the use of the developed GAMS code
explicitly acknowledge that fact by citing
Soroudi, Alireza. Power System Optimization Modeling in GAMS. Springer, 2017.
DOI: doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-62350-4
"""

from __future__ import annotations

import os

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd

from gamspy import Container
from gamspy import Equation
from gamspy import Model
from gamspy import Parameter
from gamspy import Set
from gamspy import Sum
from gamspy import Variable
from gamspy.math import sqr

def reformat_df(dataframe):
return dataframe.reset_index().melt(
id_vars="index", var_name="Category", value_name="Value"
)

def data_records():
# gendata records table
cols = ["a", "b", "c", "d", "e", "f", "Pmin", "Pmax", "RU0", "RD0"]
inds = [f"g{i}" for i in range(1, 5)]
data = [
[0.12, 14.80, 89, 1.2, -5.0, 3.0, 28, 200, 40, 40],
[0.17, 16.57, 83, 2.3, -4.24, 6.09, 20, 290, 30, 30],
[0.15, 15.55, 100, 1.1, -2.15, 5.69, 30, 190, 30, 30],
[0.19, 16.21, 70, 1.1, -3.99, 6.2, 20, 260, 50, 50],
]
gen_recs = reformat_df(pd.DataFrame(data, columns=cols, index=inds))

# Demand data
demand_recs = np.array([
510,
530,
516,
510,
515,
544,
646,
686,
741,
734,
748,
760,
754,
700,
686,
720,
714,
761,
727,
714,
618,
584,
578,
544,
])

return gen_recs, demand_recs

def main():
m = Container(
system_directory=os.getenv("SYSTEM_DIRECTORY", None),
delayed_execution=int(os.getenv("DELAYED_EXECUTION", False)),
)

# SETS #
t = Set(
m,
name="t",
records=[f"t{i}" for i in range(1, 25)],
description="hours",
)
i = Set(
m,
name="i",
records=[f"g{i}" for i in range(1, 5)],
description="thermal units",
)

# PARAMETERS #
demand = Parameter(m, name="demand", domain=t, records=data_records()[1])
gendata = Parameter(
m,
name="gendata",
domain=[i, "*"],
records=data_records()[0],
description="generator cost characteristics and limits",
)

# VARIABLES #
p = Variable(
m,
name="p",
type="free",
domain=[i, t],
description="power generated by thermal power plant",
)
EM = Variable(
m, name="EM", type="free", description="emission calculation"
)

p.up[i, t] = gendata[i, "Pmax"]
p.lo[i, t] = gendata[i, "Pmin"]

# EQUATIONS #
Genconst3 = Equation(m, name="Genconst3", type="regular", domain=[i, t])
Genconst4 = Equation(m, name="Genconst4", type="regular", domain=[i, t])
balance = Equation(m, name="balance", type="regular", domain=t)
EMcalc = Equation(m, name="EMcalc", type="regular")

costThermal = Sum(
[t, i],
gendata[i, "a"] * sqr(p[i, t])
+ gendata[i, "b"] * p[i, t]
+ gendata[i, "c"],
)

Genconst3[i, t] = p[i, t.lead(1)] - p[i, t] <= gendata[i, "RU0"]

Genconst4[i, t] = p[i, t.lag(1)] - p[i, t] <= gendata[i, "RD0"]

balance[t] = Sum(i, p[i, t]) >= demand[t]

EMcalc[...] = EM == Sum(
[t, i],
gendata[i, "d"] * sqr(p[i, t])
+ gendata[i, "e"] * p[i, t]
+ gendata[i, "f"],
)

DEDcostbased = Model(
m,
name="DEDcostbased",
equations=m.getEquations(),
problem="qcp",
sense="min",
objective=costThermal,
)

DEDcostbased.solve()

import math

assert math.isclose(
DEDcostbased.objective_value, 647964.4601, rel_tol=0.001
)

# Export results to excel
p.pivot().round(4).to_excel("DEDcostbased.xlsx")

if __name__ == "__main__":
main()
```